This case supports the theory that stalking behavior may be caused by an increase in subcortical dopaminergic function and a decrease in serotonergic activity. Stalkers are above average in intelligence and are usually smarter than the run of the mill person with mental problems. Women were more likely to harass their victims via telephone call but less likely to physically pursue them when compared to men. In addition to the rejected group, these stalkers were most likely to threaten their victims.
It was noted that, if these women had themselves previously been a victim of these behaviors, they were more likely to become a perpetrator of similar behavior. Media also plays an important role due to portrayals of male stalking behavior as acceptable, influencing men into thinking it is normal. APD is one of the most difficult types of personality disorders to treat. The report did not break down these cases into numbers of victims who claimed to have been stalked by several people individually, and by people acting in concert.
They may also have had a prior history of stalking behavior. In , Reisner 26 published a case report on a female stalker with multiple psychiatric diagnoses, including Munchausen syndrome by proxy MSBP and borderline personality disorder. Netherlands In the Wetboek van Strafrecht there is an Article b  that considers stalking as a crime, actually an Antragsdelikt: For example, most prosecutions in this stalking category have been against anti-abortionists who stalk doctors in an attempt to discourage the performance of abortions.
Most Australian states provide the option of a restraining order in cases of stalking, breach of which is punishable as a criminal offence. APD is one of the most difficult types of personality disorders to treat.
These stalkers targeted people that they believed would be good romantic partners but were not infatuated with them to the same degree as the intimacy seekers. Census Bureau for the U. Similar to the men, the women, on average, were 35 years old, single, and employed. This created the offence of where a person's conduct amounts to stalking and either causes another to fear on at least two occasions that violence will be used against them or conduct that causes another person serious alarm or distress which has a substantial effect on their usual day to day activities.
As indicated earlier, clinicians not only treat stalkers and their victims, but they may also find themselves the targets of stalking behavior. As long as they continue pursuing their victim, the stalker can convince themselves they haven't been completely rejected yet. In some cases, the stalker in this category may desire a relationship with an acquaintance.
Posted by: Mikam | on October 2, 2012
These women were more likely to form insecure attachments, suffer from depression, blame themselves for the abuse, and leave the shelter quickly compared to other women in the shelter who did not participate in stalking or unwanted pursuit behavior. Women were less likely to have a history of criminal behavior.
The above traits remind us that much of stalking involves harassment and annoyance, but never forget that stalkers can also be extraordinarily dangerous. Individuals who fit the stalker description and has had negative relationships in the past, often meet criteria for a personality disorder such as narcissistic personality disorder, antisocial personality disorder or sociopathy i. The victims were usually Caucasian, heterosexual males with a mean age of 41 ranging from 16—68 years.
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