Reading ruled that Sam Ashworth was a mulatto and not exclusively black, but neither was he white. As per the Crawford account, friction between the more recent settlers and the Redbones had been simmering for much of the month before exploding into a fight that involved several families in the community and ended in the burning down of a store owned by some of the recent non-Redbone settlers. Over the coming weeks, a war raged between two groups. Many living in Orange County moved to Louisiana.
This area is roughly coextensive with what was once known as the Neutral Ground or Sabine Free State , an area of disputed sovereignty from to that was primarily bound on the east by the Calcasieu River and the Sabine River on the west. Sheriff Glover organized a posse to hunt for Ashworth but only included Glover's and Ashworth's friends. Sam and a friend met the deputy sheriff Samuel Deputy who had arrested Clark on these charges and challenged him to a gun fight.
Reading ruled that Sam Ashworth was a mulatto and not exclusively black, but neither was he white. The posse did not find the wanted men. Ashworth was bound over for trial and his bond was paid by his cousin Sam Ashworth. Two incidents of violence in Louisiana are particularly notable, one due to the statement of Webster Talma Crawford and one due to amount of newspaper coverage the incident received.
A review of newspaper articles, land grants, census records and other documents referring to the Redbones indicates that the main settlements of Redbones to southwestern and south central Louisiana and southeastern Texas took place over the course of many years,  although some members of Redbone families are noted as settling in the Neutral Ground before when the land was finally and officially considered part of the United States. It is incidents such as these that may have cemented the non-Redbone view of this population as being both clannish and violent; however, a close reading of the incidents reveals that the tensions causing the fights arose primarily due to the prejudices of the non-Redbone settlers.
Two incidents of violence in Louisiana are particularly notable, one due to the statement of Webster Talma Crawford and one due to amount of newspaper coverage the incident received. Definition[ edit ] The term has had various meanings according to locality, mostly implying multiracial people. In the frontier of Southwestern Louisiana, the settlers successfully resisted classification as non-white.
Sam Ashworth and his cousin, Jack Bunch, then murdered deputy sheriff Samuel Deputy as he crossed a river with his friend A. Members of this community were referred to as "Ten Milers"   or as "Red Bones. Glover, who was friendly to members of the Redbone community, allowed Sam to escape before sentence could be carried out.
Posted by: Grogal | on October 2, 2012
As per the Crawford account, friction between the more recent settlers and the Redbones had been simmering for much of the month before exploding into a fight that involved several families in the community and ended in the burning down of a store owned by some of the recent non-Redbone settlers. Ashworth was bound over for trial and his bond was paid by his cousin Sam Ashworth. The term 'Redbone' became disfavored as it was a pejorative nickname applied by others; however, in the past 30 years the term has begun to be used as the preferred description for some creole groups, including the Louisiana Redbones.
It left six men dead and several others wounded. Sheriff Glover organized a posse to hunt for Ashworth but only included Glover's and Ashworth's friends.
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