Oral stage The first stage of psychosexual development is the oral stage , spanning from birth until the age of one year, wherein the infant's mouth is the focus of libidinal gratification derived from the pleasure of feeding at the mother's breast, and from the oral exploration of his or her environment, i. This is called identification, and is how the three-to-five year old boy resolves his Oedipus complex.
The girl resolves this by repressing her desire for her father and substituting the wish for a penis with the wish for a baby. All tasks from the previous four stages are integrated into the mind allowing for the onset of healthy sexual feelings and behaviors. Toilet training is the child's key anal-stage experience, occurring at about the age of two years, and results in conflict between the id demanding immediate gratification and the ego demanding delayed gratification in eliminating bodily wastes, and handling related activities e.
It gets much satisfaction from putting all sorts of things in its mouth to satisfy the libido, and thus its id demands. Among his many accomplishments is, arguably, the most far-reaching personality schema in psychology: This is called identification, and is how the three-to-five year old boy resolves his Oedipus complex.
Early or harsh potty training can lead to the child becoming an anal-retentive personality who hates mess, is obsessively tidy, punctual and respectful of authority. This psychological complex derives from the 5th-century BC Greek mythologic character Oedipus , who unwittingly killed his father, Laius , and sexually possessed his mother, Jocasta.
But the greater the difficulty encountered at any particular point, the greater the need for troops to remain behind to fight and thus the fewer that will be able to go on to the next confrontation. In response, the German Neo-Freudian psychoanalyst Karen Horney , counter-proposed that girls instead develop " Power envy ", rather than penis envy.
Not every person completes the necessary tasks of every developmental stage. Nevertheless, the boy remains ambivalent about his father's place in the family, which is manifested as fear of castration by the physically greater father; the fear is an irrational, subconscious manifestation of the infantile Id. Freud believed that this type of conflict tends to come to a head in potty training, in which adults impose restrictions on when and where the child can defecate.
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The little boy then sets out to resolve this problem by imitating, copying and joining in masculine dad-type behaviors. In a boy, a phallic-stage fixation might lead him to become an aggressive, over-ambitious, vain man.
In the young boy, the Oedipus complex or more correctly, conflict, arises because the boy develops sexual pleasurable desires for his mother. Anal stage The second stage of psychosexual development is the anal stage , spanning from the age of eighteen months to three years, wherein the infant's erogenous zone changes from the mouth the upper digestive tract to the anus the lower digestive tract , while the ego formation continues.
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