This would then be used as a route to achieve rapid social transformation and industrial and technological development without assistance from foreign powers, a process which the party characterised as a "Super Great Leap Forward". By June, three months after the removal of Sihanouk, they had swept government forces from the entire northeastern third of the country. The party leadership endorsed armed struggle against the government, then led by Sihanouk.
The Party Centre's ideology combined elements of Marxism with a strongly xenophobic form of Khmer nationalism. In , the two men went to East Berlin to participate in a youth festival. Cambodian Civil War The region where Pol Pot and the others moved to was inhabited by tribal minorities, the Khmer Loeu , whose rough treatment including resettlement and forced assimilation at the hands of the central government made them willing recruits for a guerrilla struggle.
The central role of the peasants in national development was espoused by Hou Yuon in his thesis, The Cambodian Peasants and Their Prospects for Modernization, which challenged the conventional view that urbanization and industrialization are necessary precursors of development. Many people in Cambodia who helped the Khmer Rouge against the Lon Nol government thought they were fighting for the restoration of Sihanouk.
According to the historian David P. They transformed the Khmer Students Association KSA , to which most of the or so Khmer students in Paris belonged, into an organization for nationalist and leftist ideas.
Government attacks prevented it from participating in the election and drove it underground. The Khmer Rouge also established "liberated" areas in the south and the southwestern parts of the country, where they operated independently of the North Vietnamese.
Meeting with Khmers who were fighting with the Viet Minh and whom they subsequently judged to be too subservient to the Vietnamese , they became convinced that only a tightly disciplined party organization and a readiness for armed struggle could achieve revolution. He attended a technical high school in the capital and then went to Paris in to study radio electronics other sources say he attended a school for printers and typesetters and also studied civil engineering. These tribes were self-sufficient and lived on the goods they produced through subsistence farming. Visit Website For the next five years, a civil war between the right-leaning military, which had led the coup, and those supporting the alliance of Prince Norodom and the Khmer Rouge raged in Cambodia.
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Almost immediately, the party was renamed the Indochinese Communist Party, ostensibly so it could include revolutionaries from Cambodia and Laos. They transformed the Khmer Students Association KSA , to which most of the or so Khmer students in Paris belonged, into an organization for nationalist and leftist ideas.
Prince Norodom was forced to live in exile. Visit Website For the next five years, a civil war between the right-leaning military, which had led the coup, and those supporting the alliance of Prince Norodom and the Khmer Rouge raged in Cambodia. Pol Pot , General Secretary of the Communist Party of Kampuchea and Prime Minister of Democratic Kampuchea In power, the movement's ideology was shaped by a power struggle during in which the so-called Party Centre led by Pol Pot defeated other regional elements of the leadership.
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In , Pol Pot, Hou Yuon, Ieng Sary and other leftists gained notoriety by sending an open letter to Sihanouk calling him the "strangler of infant democracy". Cambodian Genocide Workers on the farm collectives established by Pol Pot soon began suffering from the effects of overwork and lack of food.
Eventually, the Khmer Rouge side seized the advantage in the conflict, after gaining control of increasing amounts of territory in the Cambodian countryside. Hundreds of thousands died from disease, starvation or damage to their bodies sustained during back-breaking work or abuse from the ruthless Khmer Rouge guards overseeing the camps.