The absolute totals of missing girls were estimated from the seven years of children at ages 0—6 years in the , and censuses corresponding to children born in —, —, and —, respectively. The estimate of excess girl deaths was based on annual infant mortality rates for girls and boys at ages 0—1 years from the United Nations. Urban sampling for the NFHS-1 used the census. Details of the NFHS sampling strategy and other methodological details, including the generally high completeness of birth histories have been published.
The results for sex-ratios weighted and un-weighted for sampling probability were similar data not shown , and only the latter are presented. We used principal component analysis to create state-specific wealth quintiles based on the assets available in the household for rural and urban areas in each state data not shown. This is partly due to the smaller absolute numbers of births than for first or second order births. After a detailed house listing procedure, over two million trained surveyors enumerated all individuals in each home and on the street for the homeless.
Provisional census results were used. Summary Background India's census revealed a growing imbalance between the numbers of girls and boys at ages 0—6 years, which we hypothesise is due to increased prenatal sex determination followed by selective abortion of female foetuses. Interpretation Selective abortion of female foetuses, especially for pregnancies following a firstborn girl, has increased substantially in India.
More girls than boys die at ages 1—59 months, but this is mostly offset by more boys dying than girls in the first month of life. Full details on census procedures, 1 and completeness for the census , 16 are published. Details of the NFHS sampling strategy and other methodological details, including the generally high completeness of birth histories have been published.
We further examine cohorts of children from the to censuses to estimate the absolute numbers of selective abortions in the last three decades. Provisional census results were used.
Details of the NFHS sampling strategy and other methodological details, including the generally high completeness of birth histories have been published. Full details on census procedures, 1 and completeness for the census , 16 are published. PJ had full access to all data and final responsibility for the decision to submit for publication on behalf of all authors. However, it remains uncertain to what extent ultrasound is being used to monitor foetal health, or for sex determination followed by selective abortion of female foetuses.
Posted by: Vudotaur | on October 2, 2012
The NFHS-3, conducted in —06, interviewed women aged 15—49 in 29 states. Methods Survey Population We derived annual birth histories and child mortality rates for to from three rounds of the National Family Health Survey NFHS , a large-scale, nationally representative survey of rural and urban Indian households.
Sample selection for the NFHS-1 in rural areas used the census, with the exception of Assam, Delhi, and Punjab, which used the census. The NFHS-3, conducted in —06, interviewed women aged 15—49 in 29 states.
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