Dec 13, - Mauthausen, one of the most notorious Nazi concentration camps, located near the village of Mauthausen, on the Danube River, 12 miles (20 km) east of Linz, Austria. It was established in April , shortly after Austria was annexed to Nazi Germany.

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Austrian death camps

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The most notable of such centres for Mauthausen and its subcamps were the camps at Dachau and Auschwitz. Despite the fact that roughly medics from among the inmates were working there, [63] they were not given any medication and could offer only basic first aid. In early April , at least 2, more female prisoners came from the female subcamps at Amstetten , St.

Austrian death camps

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In early April , at least 2, more female prisoners came from the female subcamps at Amstetten , St. Zeltlager just outside the Mauthausen subcamp, where roughly 2, people were forced into tents intended for not more than inmates, and then starved to death. Almost all the female Overseers who served in Mauthausen were recruited from Austrian cities and towns between September and November

Austrian death camps

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Those who survived the ordeal would often be placed in a line-up at the edge of a cliff known as "The Parachutists Wall" German: Finally, after Adolf Eichmann visited Mauthausen in May of that year, Mauthausen received the first group of roughly 8, Hungarian Jews from Auschwitz; the first group to be evacuated from that camp before the Soviet advance. These numbers reflected the increasing use of Polish, Czech, Russian, and Balkan teenagers as slave labour as the war continued.

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As a result, many exhausted prisoners collapsed in front of the other prisoners in the line, and then fell on top of the other prisoners, creating a domino effect ; the first prisoner falling onto the next, and so on, all the way down the stairs. The camp provided slave labour to work previously abandoned stone quarries nearby. Female guards also staffed the Mauthausen subcamps at Hirtenberg , Lenzing the main women's subcamp in Austria , and Sankt Lambrecht.

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The rock quarry in Mauthausen was at the base of the "Stairs of Death". About 38, of the dead were Jews.

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Those who survived the ordeal would often be placed in a line-up at the edge of a cliff known as "The Parachutists Wall" German: As a result, many exhausted prisoners collapsed in front of the other prisoners in the line, and then fell on top of the other prisoners, creating a domino effect ; the first prisoner falling onto the next, and so on, all the way down the stairs. The rock quarry in Mauthausen was at the base of the "Stairs of Death". This allowed many of them not only to evade the risk of starvation, but also to help other prisoners who had no relatives outside the camps — or who were not allowed to receive parcels.

The Camp System in Austria. The Mauthausen concentration camp was established in the summer of , after the German incorporation of Austria. Mauthausen became the main Nazi camp in Austria. It was built near an abandoned stone quarry, along the Danube River, about miles southeast of Linz. On 12 March the 'Anschluss' ('Annexation') of austrofascist Austria to the German Reich took place. Two weeks later, the National Socialist Gauleiter. The Mauthausen–Gusen concentration camp complex consisted of the Mauthausen concentration camp on a hill above the market town of Mauthausen (roughly 20 kilometres (12 mi) east of Linz, Upper Austria) plus a group of nearly further subcamps located throughout Austria and southern Germany.?Franz Ziereis · ?M?hlviertler Hasenjagd · ?DEST.

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The second transport in June of that year was much larger and numbered some 1, prisoners. In , a large group of Hungarian and Dutch Jews, about 8, people altogether, was also transferred to the camp. Female guards also staffed the Mauthausen subcamps at Hirtenberg , Lenzing the main women's subcamp in Austria , and Sankt Lambrecht.

Austrian death camps


The so-called kapos , or prisoners who had been recruited by their captors to police their fellow prisoners, were given more food and higher pay in the form of concentration camp coupons which could be exchanged for cigarettes in the canteen, as well as a separate room inside most barracks. Those who survived the ordeal would often be placed in a line-up at the edge of a cliff known as "The Parachutists Wall" German: The camp later became a detention centre for anti-Nazis from all over Europe, including 10, Spanish Republicans.

Austrian death camps

Austrian death camps

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3 Commentsto Austrian death camps

  1. Nerr says:

    Much like all the other large groups of prisoners that were transferred to Mauthausen and its subcamps, most of them either died as a result of the hard labour and poor conditions, or were deliberately killed. Prominenz , or prisoners who were given a much better treatment than the average inmate.

  2. Akinogami says:

    Almost all the female Overseers who served in Mauthausen were recruited from Austrian cities and towns between September and November The SS guards would often force prisoners — exhausted from hours of hard labour without sufficient food and water — to race up the stairs carrying blocks of stone.

  3. Kagashura says:

    The camp later became a detention centre for anti-Nazis from all over Europe, including 10, Spanish Republicans.

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